Thursday, October 20, 2016

American Civil War Battlefields: 
Bolivar Heights
Harpers Ferry, W VA

                                   Photo Courtesy of LCWRT Member Paul Fridell 

Bolivar Heights, where fighting occurred throughout the Civil War, was the site of 5 battles:  
Oct 16, 1861, Thomas Ashby vs.  John Geary, May 30, 1862, Stonewall Jackson  vs.  Rufus Saxton, September 12 - 15, when  Jackson ‘s men forced the surrender of 12,700 Union troops, June of 1863,  Lee’s advance toward Gettysburg, and last in July 1864 when Jubal Early  invaded the North.  

Photo Courtesy of LCWRT Member Paul Fridell 
Bolivar Heights was also used as an encampment by the CSA in 1861,  US forces in 1862 after Antietam and in 1864 by Phil Sheridan as a huge temporary corral for mules and wagons during his Shenandoah Campaign. 

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

American Civil War Monuments: 
54th Massachusetts Monument
Boston Commons

Photo and text Ccourtesy of LCWRT Member Charles Moore Jr.

The Monument to the 54th Massachusetts Regiment was designed by Augustus Saint-Gaudens and was unveiled on Memorial Day 1897.  The monument  honors Colonel Robert Gould Shaw and members of the Massachusetts 54th Regiment who died in the assault on Fort Wagner, South Carolina, July 18th, 1863.  The 54th was the first regiment of black volunteers from the North to fight in the Civil War.  On the back of the monument are inscribed the names of the members of the 54th who died with Colonel Shaw at Fort Wagner.  The 54th suffered 45% casualties in the assault of which 54 were killed, 179 wounded and 48 unaccounted for. The 54th has been immortalized in the 1989 movie “Glory” for which Denzel Washington won the Oscar for Best Supporting Actor.

Monday, October 17, 2016

American Civil War Monuments:
Antietam National Battlefield Park
New York State

Photo courtesy of LCWRT Member Paul Fridell

Constructed at a coat of $30,000 and dedicated in 1919, it is 58’ high. The New York State Monument honors the 67 Regiments of Infantry, 5 of Cavalry, 14 Artillery Batteries and 2 Regiments of Engineers from New York that fought on this ground.   NY casualties at Antietam were 3765, with 689 killed or mortally wounded, 2797 wounded, and 279 captured or missing.  New York provided approximately one quarter of the Union Army at Antietam. In this view, the Maryland State Monument is to the left

Saturday, October 15, 2016

Part 8 of a Series: Our Civil War Ancestors

Thomas Ignatius Hite 
Pvt. 4th KY Infantry ( CSA)

Photo and text courtesy of LCWRT Member Holly Jenkins-Evans

Hite was born  Jan. 30,1841, in Union County, Kentucky. He enlisted in 1861 in Col. Trabue’s Regiment, the 4th Kentucky Infantry CSA, as a  private in Co. C commanded by Capt. Miles Fitz Henry. Later he was enrolled in the 1st KY Cavalry under Capt. Bennett. He was honorably discharged in Feb.1862 due to deafness from typhoid fever.  He married Margaret (Maggie) Millet on Nov. 3, 1863 at St. Louis Catholic Church in Henderson, Kentucky and they had 10 children. Hite received a pension from the State of Kentucky in Dec. of 1912. T.I. Hite died on Nov. 27, 1913 in Morganfield,  Kentucky and is buried at St. Ann’s Cemetery, Morganfield.  

Friday, October 14, 2016

American Civil War Monuments: 

9th Army Corps
September 14, 1862
Fox’s Gap, South Mountain Battlefield
Boonsboro MD.

“This monument marks the spot where Maj. General Jesse Lee Reno commanding the 9th Army Corps U.S. Vols. was killed in battle Sept. 14, 1862"
Erected by veterans of the 9th Army Corps, Sept 14, 1889

both photos courtesy of LCWRT Member Paul Fridell

Monday, October 3, 2016

Coming Oct. 8, 2016: 
Dr. Ethan Rafuse will present:

 "A Sucking Dove, the Snapping Turtle, and a Deep Game: George Gordon Meade and the Fall 1863 Campaigns in Virginia"

Ethan S. Rafuse is a professor at the U.S. Army Command General Staff College. He grew up in northern Virginia, received his BA and MA degrees in history at George Mason University, and received his Ph.D. at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. Since 2004 he has been a member of the faculty at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, where he is a professor of history. He has published over 300 articles, essays, and reviews, and is the author, editor, or co-editor of eleven books, including George Gordon Meade and the War in the East, Robert E. Lee and the Fall of the Confederacy, 1863-1865, and the Guide to the Richmond and Petersburg Campaigns of 1864-65. He taught Civil War and military history at the U.S. Military Academy in 2001-2003. He lives with his wife and daughter in Platte City, Missouri. 

George Gordon Meade and the Fall of 1863 Campaigns in Virginia 
In the aftermath of his failed 1863 invasion of Pennsylvania, Robert E. Lee was convinced it would have at least one major benefit for his army. The damage the fighting at Gettysburg had inflicted on George G. Meade's Army of the Potomac, he believed, would render that force "quiet as a sucking dove" for at least six months. Lee was wrong. The "snapping turtle" and he would conduct a robust series of operations during the months that followed the armies' return to the Rappahannock-Rapidan line after Gettysburg. The subject of this talk will be Meade and what he labeled the "deep game" his Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia played during the fall of 1863 and the engagements they produced at Bristoe Station and Mine Run. While none of these matched the scale or deadly grandeur of Antietam, Gettysburg, or the Wilderness, they did offered compelling illustrations of the larger dynamics that shaped the course and outcome of the war in the East. Indeed, it was testimony to what the Union commander achieved in those operations that by the end of 1863 Lee was openly wondering if he had become "too old to command this army."

Thursday, September 29, 2016

Part 7 of a Series: Our Civil War Ancestors
Two Brothers in the 9th KY Cavalry( CSA)

Frederick O. and James H. Rudy

left F.O. Rudy, right, J.H. Rudy, photos courtesy of LCWRT Member  Holly Jenkins-Evans

Frederick Oldham Rudy and James Henry Rudy were 2 of the 5 children of George Rudy and Susan Frances Herr of Jefferson County, KY. The children were orphaned after the deaths of their mother in 1850 and father in 1852. The three daughters went to live with one uncle while the two boys, aged 13 and 9, ended up working a farm for another uncle. Both enlisted in Co. G of the 9th KY Cavalry, CSA.

Fredrick O. Rudy, 2nd Lt. 9th Kentucky Cavalry (CSA)
Born Jefferson County, Ky. in 1839. Frederick Oldham Rudy, known as Oldham ,enlisted a private in the 9th Kentucky Cavalry, Co G in Sept. 1862 at it’s creation, and mustered out as 2nd Lt. having been promoted in the Spring of 1864. Rudy served in all its engagements and was paroled from Washington, Georgia in May of 1865. He married in 1873, and had two sons. He died at the age of 43 in Jefferson County, KY in 1882.His widow, Ella Hubbard Rudy, applied for a Confederate pension from the Kentucky State Legislature on August 22, 1912.  

James Henry Rudy, Lt. Co B 2nd Battalion KY (CSA) 
Born Jefferson Co. Ky 1843, died 1914.  At age 18 he enlisted in a 12 month unit, the 1st KY Cavalry, Co E as 4th Corporal in 1861. Rudy was promoted to 1st Sgt in 1862. He then joined Co G, 9th Cavalry Ky in as a Sergeant. In 1863 he was  promoted to 1st Lt. in Co B, 2nd Battalion (Cassell’s), 14th KY Regiment and participated in Morgan’s last Kentucky Raid. On Sept. 30,1864, at the action at Duvault’s Ford, near Carter’s Station, Tennessee, he lost his leg due to a carbine shell severing the femoral artery, ending in an amputation. Rudy married in 1866 in Louisville, then moved out to western Ky. He served five terms in the Kentucky State legislature from Owensboro, had 8 children and is buried in Rosehill Elmwood Cemetery, Owensboro, KY.