Saturday, October 6, 2018

Announcing the Louisville Civil War Round Table  
2019 Winter Fund Raising Event at Midlane Farm

It’s easy to miss the Midlane Farm House as you drive down Hikes Lane in southeastern Louisville. Surrounded by the suburbia of the Hikes Point neighborhood, you could be forgiven for blowing right by the solid brown-brick house. But if you knew what to look for, it would be impossible to miss — a comparatively large two-story structure on two acres of land. The home is not all that imposing, but it looks classic and tasteful, and literally from a different era. The home’s current owner and caretaker is Charles “Chas” Stephens. He is a bit of a raconteur, especially at ease talking about his home, which has been in his family since it was built in 1820 (some histories say 1824) by Stephens’ direct ancestor, George Hikes Jr. Today, thanks to Stephens’ patient and continual care, the house looks both of its time and invitingly livable, highlighted by a cozy Victorian back porch, flowering magnolia trees, and rooms filled with period antiques, either inherited (such as a chest that came with the family from Pennsylvania that dates to the mid-1700s) or purchased by Stephens. But to him this isn’t a museum; it’s simply home, as it has been to his family since James Monroe was president. The family’s history in Louisville dates back to 1790 — “I don’t think anybody has been on their land as long as we have, maybe in the state of Kentucky,” says Stephens — before Kentucky was even a state. 
It begins with George Hikes Sr., a Revolutionary War colonel who, according to The Encyclopedia of Louisville, purchased the land from another Revolutionary War officer, William Meriwether, in either 1790 or 1791. (Stephens says the land — somewhere between 1,500 and 4,000 acres — was a grant from the newly formed United States.) To walk through the home is to see the results of the never-ending piddling — his term — of both Stephens and his wife, Kim Laramore-Stephens. Antique touches abound. There is a parlor, complete with matching 19th-century sitting chairs; a couch from 1790; an antique bureau left by a lodger; paintings of long-deceased relatives, including Eliza Hikes, Chas’ great-great aunt; a collection of old stoneware jugs. In general, everything in the house looks from a period not our own, except for the modern stainless-steel refrigerator. A statue of an American eagle, a wooden carving created during the time between the American Revolution and the creation of the Constitution in 1787, has been in the house since it was constructed. The dining-room table would not be out of place on Masterpiece Theater, and the 77-key Boardman & Gray piano dates from at least 1860. 
During the Civil War, Union soldiers camped alongside nearby Beargrass Creek, and his great-grandfather gave them potatoes and hams out of the smokehouse. “And in return, he asked them not to bother the people in the house, or the people on the farm, who were slaves.” The soldiers did as asked, even as they kept an armed guard around the home to protect it from guerilla action from Southern sympathizers. They stayed for two to three days and then marched on to the Battle of Perryville. (Taken from the Louisville Magazine Article by David Serchuk)

Tuesday, October 2, 2018

Announcing Our 531st Meeting
Date: Friday, October 12

The Barons of the Civil War 
presented by Jeffry Wert

We welcome back Historian-Author Jeffry Wert to the October meeting. Jeffry received his Master of Arts degree in history for the Pennsylvania State University in 1976. He has written extensively for periodicals and has had serial columns on Turning Points in the Civil War and The Progress of the War appear in Civil War Times Illustrated. He is the author of ten books beginning in 1987 with the publication of From Winchester to Cedar Creek: The Shenandoah Campaign of 1864 and including biographies on George Custer, James Longstreet, and Jeb Stuart. His book A Glorious Army: Robert E. Lee’s Triumph, 1862-1863 won the prestigious Richard B. Harwell award in 2012. His book, Gettysburg Day Three was nominated for a 2012 Pulitzer Prize. He has appeared on the History Channel and C-Span commenting on Civil War subjects. 
 Jeffry is a dedicated preservationist having served as an honorary member of the Board of Directors of the Civil War Trust and receiving the Carrington Williams Preservation Award in 2015 from the Shenandoah Valley Battlefield Foundation. Jeffry won the William Woods Hassler Award in 2002 for contributions to the field of Civil War Studies. His most recent book is The Barons of the Civil War and will be available in November. 
Jeffry and his wife Gloria live in Centre Hall, Pennsylvania. Jeffry recently retired from teaching history at Penns Valley Area High school. 

The Barons of the Civil War 

Jeffry Wert’s presentation will discuss the contributions of 19 Northern businessmen and industrialists to the Union war effort. Numbers of them are renowned individuals whose companies are still in operation today: Deere, McCormick, Borden, Squibb, Weyerhaeuser, and others such as Carnegie, Spencer, Parrott, Cooke, Vanderbilt, and Studebaker.

Saturday, September 29, 2018

American Civil War Monuments
Andrews Raiders 
Chattanooga National Cemetery 
Chattanooga, TN 
Photos courtesy of LCWRT Member John Davis, 
and text courtesy of LCWRT Member, Holly Jenkins-Evans

Monument Inscription: Ohio's Tribute to the Andrews Raiders 1862 Erected 1890 
Tombstone: James J. Andrews Civilian June 7 1862

Because I can't say it better my self, I bring you this from the National Park Service website @   

"The Andrews’ Raiders Monument, dedicated by the State of Ohio in 1890, honors Union spy James J. Andrews of Ohio, and 24 of his men who snuck deep into Confederate territory on a mission to cut rail and communication lines. On April 12, 1862, the men boarded “The General,” a wood-burning locomotive, at Marietta, Georgia, while the passengers and conductor enjoyed breakfast. The raiders took off in the engine, heading north, cutting telegraph lines and tearing up the rail tracks along their way. The train’s conductor and others gave chase, commandeering two other trains as they encountered broken tracks. When the raiders reached Ringgold, Georgia, 80 miles northwest of Marietta, they jumped from the train, scattering in the forest. Andrews was captured and eventually hanged in Atlanta. He and eight others from the mission are buried in Section H of the Chattanooga National Cemetery. Four of Andrews' Raiders buried here received the Medal of Honor, although Andrews, as a civilian, was ineligible. The monument to these daring raiders is also located in Section H of the cemetery and consists of a granite pedestal topped with a bronze replica of "The General." 

Tuesday, September 25, 2018

American Civil War Monuments
79th PA Vol. Infantry 
Battle Line Rd 
Chickamauga National Battlefield Park
1894, George H. Mitchell, Architect 

 Photos courtesy of LCWRT Member John Davis, 
and text courtesy of LCWRT Member Holly Jenkins-Evans

At 18' high, this monument has a two level base and a pedestal with inscribed panels. The bronze sculpture is of two infantrymen carrying a flag. 

The 79th PA was organized in Lancaster, Pa. and therefore also known as the Lancaster Rifles. They mustered in on September 19, 1861 under Col. Henry A. Hambright and re-enlisted as Veteran Volunteers at Chattanooga, TN in 1864. 

Their many actions as part of the 14th Corps and later the Ar
my of the Cumberland included Perryville, Stones River, the Tullahoma Campaign, Hoovers Gap, Chickamauga September, Siege and Battle of Chattanooga. After their re-enlistment, they participated in the Atlanta Campaign from Rocky Faced Ridge through to the Siege of Atlanta. Then Utoy Creek, Jonesboro and the March to the Sea. Then the Campaign of the Carolinas and the Battle of Bentonville, the Surrender of Johnston and his army. And finally on to the March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., for the Grand Review of the Armies May 24. They mustered out in July, 1865. 

During the war, the regiment lost a total of 268 men during service; 4 officers and 118 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, while 1 officer and 145 enlisted men died of disease. Of the 390 men engaged at the Battle of Chickamauga, 137 were killed, wounded or missing. 

79th Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 
2nd. Brigade, (Starkweather) 1st. Division, (Baird) 14th. Corps, (Thomas) 
Colonel Henry A. Hambright, Commanding 

On rear: 
This Regiment Held This Position From Early Sunday Morning September 20th, 
Until Evening When Ordered to Retire 

Monday, September 17, 2018

American Civil War Monuments 
Camden, Maine 
Soldiers Monument 

 Photo and text courtesy of LCWRT Member, Holly Jenkins-Evans

 Located in Harbor Park, Camden, Maine, this granite monument was dedicated May 30, 1899. The base was by Thomas J. Lyons of Vinalhaven, Maine and the statue by the Hallowell Granite Co. Both were purchased for $1400 by the Camden Soldiers Monument Association. The monument has an enlisted soldier in frock style coat on a high pedestal, with the following inscription: 

"Erected in 1899 by the Camden Solders Monument Association in honor 
of the brave men of Camden who gave their lives in defense of their country 
during the Great Rebellion 1861 – 65." 

 On two sides of the base are listed the 22 Honored Dead from the 24th ME, 4 ME, 6th ME Battery, 17th US, 30th US , 19th ME, 26th ME, 15th ME and the US Navy. The Maine regiments were organized in several locations: Augusta, Rockland, Bath, and Bangor. On the third are those 14 veterans who died since 1865.

Sunday, September 9, 2018

American Civil War Monuments 
Castine, Maine 
Soldiers and Sailors Monument 

Located in the town common of Castine, Maine, this monument was dedicated May 30, 1887 and paid for by the town of Castine and provided by the Hallowell Granite Company.

It has a classic infantry soldier, with the following inscription: 

 In Memory of the Soldiers and Sailors from Castine, 
 Who offered their lives in the War for the Preservation of the Union 1861-1865 

 With a Great Sum Obtained We This Freedom 

 Photos and text courtesy of LCWRT Member, Holly Jenkins-Evans

Saturday, September 1, 2018

American Civil War Monuments
Sturbridge, Massachusetts 
Soldier's Monument 
Built 1871 
rededicated 2002 

Erected by the Town This very simple monument stands in the Commons of Sturbridge, Mass. The sentiment is simple; it's a Soldier's Monument. No lists of battles or lofty sentiments, just the names of soldiers from the area, members of different regiments, now carved on the sides. And it was erected not by a generous donor, or the state, and no name gets credit, but simply by the town to honor their own. 

Honor Roll: 
 A.M. Bullard, J. B. Blodget, J. Brigham 
J.B. Cooper, J. A. Johnson, G. C McMaster 
I.G. Plimpton, R. Sharruck, C. M. Whittemore 

P. Gavin, W. J. Allen, C. H. Brown 
W. Carter, T. O'Hare, H. Smith 
W.J. Stone, D. Wilson, N. Wright 

A.F. Child, W. H. Clarke, W. S. Fuller 
W.D. Marsh, J. F. Moore, A. L. Russell
H.H. Ransom, N. L. Stone, A. Walker