Saturday, April 29, 2017

American Civil War Monuments
Three Generals
South Loop, Kentucky Avenue, between Union and Confederate Avenues
Vicksburg Military Park

Photos Courtesy of LCWRT Member Paul Fridell
At Vicksburg, there are 4 very large busts on the South Loop of Kentucky Avenue of 4 generals, 2 CSA, 2 USA.  We already covered Ben Hardin Helm.

Left to Right:
Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge
Cost (by Federal Government): $565 bust, $208.91 pedestal
Sculptor: T.A.R. Kitson
Erected: 1913

Plaque reads:
John C. Breckenridge
Major General C S Army
Commanding Division
Johnston’s Army
Brig Gen C S Army Nov 2 1861
Major General Apr 14 1862
Born Lexington Ken Jan 16 1821
Died Lexington Ken May 17 1875"

“In May 1863, Breckinridge was reassigned to Joseph E. Johnston, participating in the Battle of Jackson in an attempt to break the Siege of Vicksburg. Vicksburg fell to Grant's forces on July 4, and Breckinridge was returned to Bragg's command on August 28, 1863."

Brig. Gen. William Vandever,
Cost: $550 for bronze
Sculptor: George T. Brewster
Erected: February 1915, Original Location: Iowa Circle

Plaque reads:
"Brig.General U.S.Vols
Commanding 1st Brigadier/ Herron's Division
Col.9th Iowa Inf. Sept.24 1861
Brig.Gen.U.S.Vols. Nov.29 1862
Bvt. Maj.Gen. Of Vols. June 7 1865"

“In 1861, Vandever was mustered into the Union Army as colonel of the 9th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was promoted to brigadier general of Volunteers on November 29, 1862 and sent to command a brigade in the XIII Corps of the Army of the Tennessee. He returned to the Trans-Mississippi Theater to command the 2nd Division in the Army of the Frontier at the Battle of Chalk Bluff. He reverted to brigade command under Francis J. Herron during the siege of Vicksburg.“
Jacob G. Lauman, Brig. Gen.
Cost: $570 for bronze
Sculptor: R. Hinson Perry
Erected: March 1914
Original Location: Wisconsin Avenue
Brig. General U.S. Vols.
Commanding 4th Division”
“In 1863, Lauman led the 4th Division of the XVI Corps during the Siege of Vicksburg. He was relieved of duty by the order of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman shortly after the capture of Jackson, Mississippi, on July 16, 1863. He failed to properly execute orders on how to deploy his troops from his immediate superior, Ord, who accused him of wanton disregard for the orders that led to a heavy loss in casualties.”

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